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dc.contributor.authorСпивачук, Валентина Александровна-
dc.contributor.authorSpivachuk, V.O.-
dc.contributor.authorZholobova, T.D.-
dc.identifier.citationSpivachuk V. O. Questions and Doubts in Britain Literature of the Victorian period / V. O. Spivachuk, T. D. Zholobova // Modern Trends in teaching and Studying English in Ukraine : Materials of the third Tesol West-Ukraine Regional Conference, October 29, 2004. – Хмельницький, 2004. – P. 83-84.uk_UA
dc.descriptionThe Victorian period, and especially its literature, was filled with voices asking questions and raising doubts. Speaking for many of their contemporaries, and speaking to others they thought shallow and complacent, Victorian writers asked whether material comfort fully satisfied human needs and wishes. They questioned the cost of exploiting the earth and human beings to achieve such comfort. They protested or mocked codes of decorum and authority. In the first half of the period, some writers complained that materialist ideas of reality completely overlooked the spirit or soul that made life beautiful and just. Later in the century writers like Hardy and Housman thought that Macaulay's and Huxley's ideas of history and nature presupposed a coherence and generosity that did not really exist. Literature in Victorian culture often reassured its read¬ers that, rightly perceived, the universe made sense. But some writers unsettled their readers by telling them that they were not rightly perceiving the universe, or by asking them to consider whether human life and the natural world made as much sense as they had once hoped.uk_UA
dc.description.abstractIt is important to remember that these purposes and effects happened first to readers who were living Victorian lives. The poems, stories, novel excerpts, plays, and essays that make up this selection of Victorian literature did not exist above or outside the comfortable and often confident lives of their readers. Many of the people who read Dickens settled down with his books after dining in rooms as garishly decorated as the Veneerings'. Most of the young men and women who thrilled to Dante Gabriel Rossetti's sensualism and to A. E. Housman's tender gloom probably moved on to make proper and modestly happy marriages and to find worthy occupations. People who were making a lot of money listened to Carlyle and Ruskin telling them that they were foolish and damned. People who were disturbed by how much money was being made listened to Macaulay reminding them that a century or so before they might not have been able to afford, or even read, his book. Victorian literature needs to be read not just as a com¬ment on the complexity of its culture, but also as an important part of that culture. Its writers sent their words to work in the world to alter, to reinforce, to challenge, to enlarge, or to relieve the ideas and feelings with which their contemporaries managed their lives.uk_UA
dc.subjectVictorian perioduk_UA
dc.subjectBritish literatureuk_UA
dc.titleQuestions and Doubts in Britain Literature of the Victorian perioduk_UA
Appears in Collections:Кафедра іноземних мов

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